Some skills are essential or pre-requisite for learning further skills such as toileting, self help skills, attending skills etc. Make sure these skills are taught so they can lead an independent living.
Have clear expectations. Convey it to students explicitly with pictures, words, sign or any other mode the child will understand.
Create opportunities to encourage child centred communication.
Have a structured time at home too. Follow the schedule, intermittently changing the activities to teach flexibility.
Allow down time or leisure time. Teach them leisure activities.
Make sure the leisure activities are timed as our children tend to go over board sometimes. EX: TV time, computer time etc.
The student learns better from Hands on experience or natural environmental teaching. Take them out. Engage with them. Have fun. Have a bond and interact with them at any given opportunity.
Break teaching in to small components. One step at a time. Praise and encourage for small achievements. Positive reinforcement works best.
Use specific words to give instruction. Too many words will confuse the child.
Analyze what you are targeting to teach is a realistic, functional skill.
Notice the progress and note it down regularly. You will be amazed to see the small steady progress your child is making.
If you think the child has not progressed, change strategies, teaching methodology to accommodate the child to learn.
Try errorless teaching. What is it? It is guaranteeing that my child does not fail at a given task by helping him along until my help is no longer necessary. It is about providing prompts.
Fade prompts. What is it? As my child shows that he is beginning to understand what is expected of him, I need to slowly reduce the help I’ve been giving.
Consistency is the key to success. Never give up. We all together can bring in progress.